Pregnancy happens when sperm (li’l swimming cells with a tail) swim up the vagina, through the cervix, and come in contact with a female’s egg.
When the sperm and the egg meet, the egg is fertilized. It takes about five or six days for this new fertilized egg to move through the fallopian tubes to reach the uterus, where it finds a spot on the wall of the uterus. Soon after, the fetus begins to form.
The tummy gets bigger as the fetus grows, and a baby is born, usually nine months later. If you think something might have happened to put the sperm in touch with the egg – a condom breaking, a guy cumming close to the entrance of the vagina – one option is the Emergency Contraceptive Pill (Plan B / Morning After Pill) in the case of unplanned pregnancy.
It is possible to get pregnant without having intercourse! If you had sex without “going all the way” - i.e. without penetration - it is still possible to get pregnant. This can happen if a guy cums close to the entrance of the vagina so that the sperm has a chance of swimming up the vagina. It’s important to be careful when making out, so that the sperm does not find a way to swim into the vagina!
Early signs of pregnancy may include:
If you think you or someone you know is pregnant, the best advice is to get a pregnancy test. Pregnancy tests measure the amount of a hormone called HCG, which is only made by a woman’s body when she is pregnant. There are two kinds of pregnancy tests: urine and blood. Urine tests are available from the drug store. Blood tests are done by a doctor/nurse, and are more reliable than urine tests. In order to get a reliable test, it’s a good idea to wait one week after a missed period.
Having an unexpected pregnancy can be a very scary experience for both partners. There’s a lot to think about: Do you want the baby? If you do, how will it change your life? If you decide that you are not ready to parent, what are you going to do?
If you have an unplanned pregnancy, you have three choices: keep the baby, give the baby up for adoption, or have an abortion.
This can be a very difficult decision, and you may feel social pressures from friends and family. A lot of emotions and questions will arise... anxiety, fear, sadness, and uncertainty. It is good to talk with someone who is trustworthy, non-judgemental and who you have a good relationship with, such as a friend, a relative, your parents, and/or your boyfriend/girlfriend. It’s also helpful to get information and advice from professionals who help teens in this situation, such as a counsellor, school nurse, or nurse at the youth clinic.
Remember: you should never feel pressured to make a decision that you do not feel good about or feel does not suit your needs!!!